Qualified Disability Trusts in B.C.

QUALIFIED DISABILITY TRUST IN BC Reprinted with the kind permission of the following presenters who are experts in Disability law. PRESENTED BY: KEN M. KRAMER, Q.C., PRINCIPAL & SENIOR ASSOCIATE COUNSEL KMK LAW CORPORATION & HALLDOR K. BJARNASON, BARRISTER & SOLICITOR ACCESS LAW GROUP TRENDS… Read more

The Principles of Interpreting Contracts

Dusanjh v Wright Estate 2017 BCSC 340 sets out the law relating to interpreting contracts when there is an ambiguity as to it’s meaning.   The children of the deceased brought a petition that argued the deceased had established a trust in their favour and the… Read more

Double Costs – Rule 9-1(5)

The plaintiff’s claim was dismissed with costs and the defendant sought double costs under Rule 9-1(5) on the basis that the defendant made an offer to settle that should have been accepted by the plaintiff.   The application for double costs was dismissed as the… Read more

Anti-Ademption Under S 48 WESA

Forbes v Millard Estate 2017 BCSC 361 discusses and gives effect to S. 48 WESA , known as the anti-ademption provision, when property is disposed of by a nominee such as a power of attorney prior to death that under common law the bequest would… Read more

Parent Money to Children – Gift or Loan?

http://www.courts.gov.bc.ca/jdb-txt/sc/17/03/2017BCSC0319.htm Dheenshaw v Gill 2017 BCSC 319 deals with an increasingly commonly litigation problem- the advancement of large sums of parents money to their children and the subsequent determination whether  the monies were a gift or a loan when matters go ” sideways”. The court will look… Read more

Wills Variance and the Estranged Child

J.R.v J.D.M. 2016 BCSC 2265 discusses in great detail the law and related facts of the case in a wills variance case brought by the  estranged child of the deceased. No explanation was left by the deceased for the disinheritance other than the notaries notes that he… Read more

Wills Variation – Court Criteria Between Disinherited Adult Children and Second Spouses

R. (J.) v M. (JD) 2016 BCSC 2265 summarized the court criteria will consider when deciding the competing moral claim of a disinherited  adult independent child  and a second spouse who inherited  the entire estate. The adult child had been disinherited and had been estranged from… Read more

Will In “Contemplation of Marriage” Not Revoked

Will In “Contemplation of Marriage” Not Revoked: Pace Estate 2016 BCSC 2306 held that a 2001 will left to “my common law spouse  of four years ” was not revoked by their subsequent marriage under what was then S 15 Wills Act that provided that… Read more

Statute Barred Debt to Estate Deducted From Beneficiary

Statute Barred Debt: Re Johnston Estate 2017 BCSC 272 upheld the rule in Cherry v. Boultbee  which provides that where a legatee of a share of the residue is a debtor of the estate, he or she is not entitled to receive his or her… Read more

Occupational Rent and “Outsted”

At common laws a claim for occupational rent can be brought where one owner is ousted from the property by another owner  Re Johnston estate 2017 BCSC 272 where the court stated: At common law, a claim for occupation rent may be brought by a… Read more

The Various Types of Trusts

Warde v Slater 2017 BCSC 274 contains a discussion about the various types of trusts in deciding who owned the beneficial interest in the shares of a family business. The decision quotes extensively from Waters on Trusts In Canada.   It is helpful to refer… Read more

Disinternment aka Exhumation

Disinternment , also known as exhumation of human remains is provided in the provision of the Cremation, Internment and Funeral Services Act SBC 1974. At common law a duty is imposed upon an executor to see that the deceased is buried in a manner befitting his… Read more

The Duty of Care Owed By a Will Drafter

In Korpiel v Sanguinetti (1999) B.C.J. 1048 the court concluded that a will drafter, usually a solicitor or notary, owes no duty of care to beneficiaries beyond the competent and timely fulfillment of the testator’s testamentary instructions.   In the Sanguinetti case, the court considered… Read more

Dysfunctional Families – Emotional Manipulation

  Emotional manipulation refers to the attempt to  indirectly or directly influence or control someone else’s behavior or actions, and is commonly found in dysfunctional families. In estate litigation, I commonly hear my clients complain of being subjected to various forms of psychological manipulation, particularly… Read more

Non Binding (Precatory) Words In Will Not a Trust

Non Binding ( Precatory)  words in a will were found not to create a trust that was legally binding on the trustee, but instead that the words were non binding ( precatory) and thus only morally binding an thus an outright bequest.   Killam v… Read more