The Executor’s Duties and Powers Under a Will

  Reznik v Matty 2013 BCSC 1346, a wills variation action in BC, has a very succinct summary of the executor’s duties and powers of under a will.     The trial in Reznik was inter alia related to a Wills Variation action where 4… Read more

Executor Removed For Lack of Impartiality and Conflict of Interest

  An executor was removed for improper behavior as executor, including lack of impartiality and conflict of interest in the decision Browne v. Browne Estate 2014 BCSC 656. The parties were half siblings, and by her will,  their mother divided the estate equally between the… Read more

WESA – Priority for Appointment of Administrator In Intestate Estates

Section 130 of WESA is a new section that provides for a priority of the various persons who may be entitled to apply for a grant of administration where the deceased died without a will (intestate)   The spouse has priority but may nominate another… Read more

executor repay

Executor Ordered to Repay Monies

  Executor Ordered to Repay Monies Back to Estate Paid Out Before Expiration of 6 Month Limitation Stevens v. Wood Estate (Re), 2013 BCSC 2380 Until six months have passed from the issuance of probate of a will, s. 12 of the Wills Variation Act,… Read more

Trustee Removed For Selling Assets Below Market Value and Benefiting

Trustee Removed For Selling Assets Below Market Value and Benefiting VanKoughnett & Others v. Austin, 2006 BCSC 1856 is authority for the proposition that a trustee removed under section 30 of the Trustee Act where there is potential conflict of interest between the personal interests of… Read more

The Executors Obligation To Maintain Estate Assets

Executors obligation cannot just idly stand by and allow estate assets to deteriorate or waste- the executor and trustee has a duty of care to mange and preserve the estate assets. The legal test is as follows: The traditional standard of care of an executor/trustee is… Read more

executor chain

Advising The Personal Representative

1. INTRODUCTION It is perhaps trite to state that the role of the drafting notary or solicitor is simply not to fill in the blanks and record the testator’s instructions, including his or her choice of executor, but instead to actively advise and draw to… Read more

Removing and Replacing Executors and Trustees

Removing and replacing an executor/ trustee is one of the most common enquiries that I receive. The matter is both intriguing and somewhat complex, largely due to historical developments concerning the legal differences between the role of an executor and a trustee. 2. VOLUNTARY REMOVAL… Read more

Removal of an Executor – Trustee

  Dunsdon v Dunsdon 2012 BCSC 1274 has an excellent and brief summary of the law relating to the removal of an executor-trustee, pre WESA as of April 1, 2014 : [202] Put broadly, a trustee may be removed where his or her acts or… Read more

Passing of Executor’s Accounts

The following article is that of Master Young on the passing of executor’s accounts, as presented to the Wills and Trusts Subsection in April 2012. Master Young ,described the registry procedure for probate grants. The initial vetting of probate applications goes to senior registry staff to… Read more

Criteria For Removal of a Trustee

Criteria For Removal of a Trustee: Grafton v Canada Trust 2012 ONSC 6955 is an interesting case on when a court will or will not remove a trustee. In this case a 92 year old life tenant in a house of disrepair wanted to borrow… Read more

Duties of a Trustee

Duties of a Trustee Zimmerman v. McMichael Estate 2010 ONSC 2947, 57 E.T.R. (3d) 101,103 O.R. (3d) 25 is an excellent review of the strict duties that govern the conduct of a trustee. Deceased were husband and wife and founders of extensive Canadian art collection… Read more

The Authority of the Executor

Romans Estate v. Tassone 2009 BCSC 194 is a very good case authority of the executor that reviews the legal authority of an executor appointed under a valid will. The matter related to the estate of an elderly man who was stricken late in life… Read more

Trustees Must Not Co-Mingle or Misuse Estate Funds For Their Own Purpose

Trustees must not co mingle or misuse estate funds or assets  for their own purposes. It is trite law that trustees are fiduciaries and must not personally use, profit from, or co-mingle estate funds with their own. If a trustee has mixed his/her own funds… Read more

How Much Should An Executor Be Paid

How Much Should An Executor Be Paid? Hooke Estate v. Johnson 86 E.T.R. (3d) 92   The deceased appointed her solicitor as trustee of her estate. The Trustee handled her estate in accordance with deceased’s wishes and claimed executor’s compensation in amount of $21,900.93 for… Read more