Is it a Petition or Notice of Claim?

Petition or Notice of Claim?

Litigators must choose the appropriate forum to commence a court action: a petition or notice of claim. Most cases are commenced by the use of a notice of claim while certain types of cases may or must be commenced by petition. Carphin v Braich Estate… Read more

Understanding Inherent Jurisdiction of the Court

Inherent Jurisdiction of the Court

Mayer v Rubin 2017 ONSC 3498 dealt with the inherent jurisdiction of the court to supervise the management of estates, control its processes and protect those who cannot fend for themselves.  26      The court has broad and inherent powers to supervise the management of estates… Read more

Entering into Settlement Agreements

Settlement Agreements

Probably every litigator has had the experience of having entered into a settlement agreement only to have the opposing party attempt to repudiate the settlement agreement resulting in a court application to determine if the agreement is valid and enforceable or if it was successfully… Read more

Exclusion of a Party at Trial or Discovery

Exclusion of a Party at Trial or Discovery

Generally speaking a party to an action has the right to attend the entire trial or the examinations for discovery of other parties to the action and exclusion of a party is an uncommon event, but appropriate in some circumstances. The BC Court of Appeal case Sisson… Read more

Vexatious Litigant Enjoined From Further Court Actions

Vexatious Litigant Enjoined From Further Court Actions

A particularly frivolous and vexatious claim commenced by ” God, Prince Kitsilano, Skidegate-Sterritt Family, in James Sterritt and Marya Watson , on behalf of all Indians and Muslims was struck and the litigant barred from commencing further court actions without leave of the Supreme Court…. Read more

The Court Orders Mental Capacity Exam

Court Orders Mental Capacity Exam

In Re Singh 2017 BCSC 984 the court invoked its parens patriae jurisdiction and  ordered a 93 year old father to undergo a mental capacity examination by two geriatric doctors . Two of his six children claimed that their father was mentally incompetent to manage… Read more

Undue Delay: Equitable Defence of Laches

Undue Delay: Laches

Hrenyk v Preiss estate 2017 SKQB 151 contains a through discussion of the equitable defence of laches- the plaintiff’s undue delay in proceeding with a court action to resolution. 26 Laches is discussed in Ahone v. Holloway (1988), 30 B.C.L.R. (2d) 368 (C.A.), at page 378:… Read more

costs against lawyers

Personal Court Costs Against Lawyers

C.A.S. of the R.M.of W. v C.T.and J.B. 2017 ONSC 318 awarded personal court costs of $100,000 against a lawyer for her role in a custody battle involved in the Children’s Aid Society. The court found that the lawyer’s tactics and strategy had caused an… Read more

Duplicate Litigation

Avoiding Duplicate Litigation (Res Judicata)

Duplicate litigation is to be avoided and thus the legal concept of res judicata- when a court has decided the legal issue already it constitutes a bar to a subsequent action involving the same claim. Alexander v Alexander 2017 BCSC 914 is a recent case… Read more

Appointing and Removing a Litigation Guardian

Appointing and Removing a Litigation Guardian

Under Supreme Court Rule 20 – 2 (2) a proceeding brought by or against a person under a legal disability must be started or defended by his or her litigation Guardian. A person is typically under a legal disability when under the age of 19… Read more

Lower Courts Bound By Higher Courts (Stare Decisis)

Lower Courts Bound By Higher Courts (Stare Decisis)

Most people likely know that higher courts such as appeal courts bind the decisions of lower courts through precedents. The legal term is stare decisis (to adhere to precedents), and the legal rationale is that like decisions should be decided alike so as to give more… Read more

The Principles of Moot Court Cases

The Principles of Moot Court Cases

Moot court cases occur when a determination is sought on a matter which when decided by the court will not have any practical effect on the existing dispute such as the legal issue no longer exists. The courts do however have discretion when the moot… Read more

Release of Claims and Different Claim

Release of Claims and Different Claim

Bykerk v Kappalka Estate 2017 BCSC 655 discussed a previous Release of Claims signed by the parties to a second court action under the Wills Variation act (Section 60 WESA) and found that the Release was not binding to prevent the latter claim. The court… Read more

Hearsay Evidence In Vancouver Estate Disputes

Hearsay Evidence In Vancouver Estate Disputes

Hearsay evidence is very common in Vancouver estate disputes and generally speaking is allowed by the courts subject to a few principled rules so long as it is not relied upon for “the truth of its contents”. Hearsay evidence was discussed in Horton v Bruce… Read more

Use of Multiple Wills Approved

Use of Multiple Wills Approved

In re: Berkner Estate 2017 BCSC 619 the Court approved the use  of Multiple Wills in estate planning.  The applicant submits that a person is entitled to have more than one valid will. As an example, multiple wills may be used when a will maker… Read more