Appointing and Removing a Litigation Guardian

Appointing and Removing a Litigation Guardian

Under Supreme Court Rule 20 – 2 (2) a proceeding brought by or against a person under a legal disability must be started or defended by his or her litigation Guardian. A person is typically under a legal disability when under the age of 19… Read more

Lower Courts Bound By Higher Courts (Stare Decisis)

Lower Courts Bound By Higher Courts (Stare Decisis)

Most people likely know that higher courts such as appeal courts bind the decisions of lower courts through precedents. The legal term is stare decisis (to adhere to precedents), and the legal rationale is that like decisions should be decided alike so as to give more… Read more

The Principles of Moot Court Cases

The Principles of Moot Court Cases

Moot court cases occur when a determination is sought on a matter which when decided by the court will not have any practical effect on the existing dispute such as the legal issue no longer exists. The courts do however have discretion when the moot… Read more

Release of Claims and Different Claim

Release of Claims and Different Claim

Bykerk v Kappalka Estate 2017 BCSC 655 discussed a previous Release of Claims signed by the parties to a second court action under the Wills Variation act (Section 60 WESA) and found that the Release was not binding to prevent the latter claim. The court… Read more

Hearsay Evidence In Vancouver Estate Disputes

Hearsay Evidence In Vancouver Estate Disputes

Hearsay evidence is very common in Vancouver estate disputes and generally speaking is allowed by the courts subject to a few principled rules so long as it is not relied upon for “the truth of its contents”. Hearsay evidence was discussed in Horton v Bruce… Read more

Use of Multiple Wills Approved

Use of Multiple Wills Approved

In re: Berkner Estate 2017 BCSC 619 the Court approved the use  of Multiple Wills in estate planning.  The applicant submits that a person is entitled to have more than one valid will. As an example, multiple wills may be used when a will maker… Read more

Gratuitous Agency

Gratuitous Agency

Agency can simply be defined as a person authorized by another to act for him or her with entrusted business, and the agent represents that the agent is acting for another under the contract of the relation of agency. The  case of Siemens v Howard… Read more

Spoliation of Evidence

Spoliation of evidence is the intentional destruction of relevant evidence when litigation exists or is pending. There are few cases on the issue in Canada but it does occur on occasion.   In Holland ( Guardian ad litem) v Marshall 2008 BCCA 468 the appeal… Read more

Security For Costs of Trial and Appeal

Security For Costs of Trial and Appeal

Arbutus Bay Estates Ltd v Canada ( A-G) 2017 BCCA 133 dealt with the law for security for costs for both an appeal as well as  trial that lasted 18 days and was appealed. Security for costs was awarded in the amount of $50,000 for… Read more

Stay of Proceedings

Stay of Proceedings

Gerritse v Hospital For Sick Children 2017 ONSC 1859 dealt with an application for a stay of proceedings in one court case until the paternity issue in another case was firstly decided. The Court refused the application and cited the law as previously set out in… Read more

Shutting Down the Frivolous Vexatious Litigant

Shutting Down the Frivolous Vexatious Litigant

Canada v. Olumide 2017 FCA 42 set out a road map on how to rid the court’s back log of the frivolous and vexatious litigant, albeit with ” dignity and respect.” The Federal Court relied upon s 40 of the Federal Court act but most… Read more

Court May Hear Additional Evidence Before Entry of Order

Court May Hear Additional Evidence Before Entry of Order

Clayton v British American Securities Ltd ( 1934) 3 WWR 257 ( BCCA) upheld  the discretionary  power of a trial judge to hear additional evidence after judgement was pronounced but before the order was entered . At the close of a trial judgment was reserved and after the… Read more

Parens Patriae Jurisdiction of the Courts

Parens Patriae Jurisdiction of the Courts

Re Senini 2016 BCSC 2299 invoked the  the parens patriae  jurisdiction of the courts to declare an adult no  longer incapable of handling her affairs. The parens patriae jurisdiction is  founded on necessity, namely the need for the courts to act for the protection of… Read more

Change of Venue of Trial

Change of Venue of Trial

Harder v Harder estate 2017 BCSC 425 discussed the law relating to changing the venue of trial or interlocutory proceedings from where the action was originally commenced to another city. The defendants in Harder sought an order transferring the proceedings  from Victoria to the Vancouver… Read more

Res Judicata, Cause of Action Estopppel and Merger in Judgement

Res Judicata, Cause of Action Estopppel and Merger in Judgement

Wolverton Securities Ltd v Schemel 2009 BCSC 1048 discusses the concepts of res judicata, cause of action estoppel and merger in judgement and states that the concepts are often used interchangeably in various judgments. The concepts essentially bar a litigant from suing a second time… Read more