Revocation of Wills Post WESA

Revocation of Wills Post WESA

The introduction of the Wills Estates and Succession act (WESA) on March 31,2014 made a few  significant changes to the law relating to the revocation of wills. Probably the most significant change was that marriage after the execution of a will no longer revokes a… Read more

England Considers Allowing Texts and Voicemails to Be Wills

England Considers Allowing Texts and Voicemails to Be Wills

England is considering introducing radical reforms to it’s inheritance laws that would allow text messages and voice mails to be valid wills according to an article in today’s Telegraph. “British people will be able to use voicemail and text messages to make their wills, under… Read more

Can An Unwitnessed Will be Valid?

Unwitnessed Will Valid

Section 58 WESA was once again successfully used in Re Litke Estate 2017 BCSC 1079 to find a hand written unwitnessed signed “will-like” document to be a valid will. Such documents are now routinely found valid by the courts if certain criteria are met. The… Read more

Fraudulent Wills

Fraudulent Wills: Vancouver Sun Article

The Vancouver Sun published an article I wrote on the increased risk of fraudulent wills that may occur under WESA. The B.C. inheritance-and-estate law brought in two years ago has increased the risk of forged and fraudulent wills, says a lawyer involved in the debate… Read more

Gift to Witness to Will Cured By S 43 WESA

Bach Estate 2017 BCSC 548  cured a gift to witness to will to be valid   when prior to WESA  on March 31, 2014 it would  have been invalid.   One of the witnesses to the will was the husband of the deceased and a beneficiary under… Read more

Renewal of Wills Variation Claim Not Served In Time

Rodgers v Rodgers Estate 2017 BCSC 518 dealt with an application for a  renewal  court proceedings in a wills variation claim under S 61 WESA that states in 61 ( B) that the proceeding must be served on the executor of the will no later than 30… Read more

Anti-Ademption Under S 48 WESA

Anti-Ademption Under S 48 WESA

Forbes v Millard Estate 2017 BCSC 361 discusses and gives effect to S. 48 WESA , known as the anti-ademption provision, when property is disposed of by a nominee such as a power of attorney prior to death that under common law the bequest would… Read more

Wills Variation: Court Criteria Between Disinherited Adult Children and Second Spouses

Wills Variation: Court Criteria Between Disinherited Adult Children and Second Spouses

R. (J.) v M. (JD) 2016 BCSC 2265 summarized the court criteria will consider when deciding the competing moral claim of a disinherited  adult independent child  and a second spouse who inherited  the entire estate. The adult child had been disinherited and had been estranged from… Read more

Gifts to Witnesses – S. 43 WESA

witnesses of a will and declares that such gifts are void, unless the court is satisfied that the will maker intended to make the gift to the person even S. 43 of  WESA governs the issue of gifts to though the beneficiary or his or… Read more

“Survive By Five Days”

S  10 of WESA provides for when a person does not survive a deceased person by five (5)  days or longer when provided for in an instrument(  ie a will) is conclusively deemed to have died before the deceased persona for all purposes and thus will… Read more

Abuse , Neglect and Wills Variation

In my four decades of experience most wills variation claims  bring with them an individual or even sibling collective  story of abuse, neglect, and  other dysfunctions that result in a disinheritance to top it all off. It is settled law that the wills variation act ( now… Read more

Fertility and WESA

A deceased husband’s frozen sperm at a fertility centre was declared to be personal property under WESA and previous case law and thus could be inherited by the widow on an intestacy. The court in KLW v Genesis Fertility Centre 2016 BCSC 1621 ordered to release of… Read more

Wills Variation and Long Marriages

Ciarniello v James 2016 BCSC 1699 is a good example on how the court treats the division of estate assets  at the end of  long marriages when the survivor brings a wills variation action on the basis that she was not adequately provided for in her… Read more

Assets Passing Outside of the Estate

Assets Passing – Probably most people in North America die holding assets that pass from their name to others or their estate that pass both ” inside” and “outside” of the estate.   A deceased’s will only distributes assets that were personally owned by the deceased… Read more

Court Discretion In Wills Variation Claims

In wills variation cases now brought under S. 60 WESA , the judge has “entire discretion” in deciding pro or against a claimant on its findings of fact. In Swain v Dennison 1967 SCR 7 the Supreme Court of Canada held that the jurisdiction of… Read more