All About Executors and Administrators

All About Executors and Administrators

INTRODUCTION It is perhaps trite to state that the role of the drafting notary or solicitor is simply not to fill in the blanks and record the testator’s instructions, including his or her choice of executor, but instead to actively advise and draw to the… Read more

Trustee Cannot Be in Conflict With Duty

Trustee Cannot Be in Conflict With Duty

Equity will not allow a person who is in a position of trust to carry out a transaction where there is a conflict between his or her duty and his or her interest. It is a rule of universal application that no trustee shall be… Read more

Fiduciary Duties: The Rules on Profit

The Profiteering Fiduciary

Fiduciaries must account for their handling of trust properties to the trust beneficiaries, and are not allowed to profit from being a fiduciary other than being paid reasonable fees for services rendered. Equity compels a fiduciary to hold and manage trust property on the terms… Read more

Fiduciary Duties of Corporate Directors

Fiduciary Duties of Corporate Directors

Ascent One Properties Ltd v Liao 2017 BCSC 1017 dealt with an aborted real estate development project that alleged inter alia a breach of fiduciary duties by a corporate director and officer. The case outlines the law relating to the fiduciary duties owed by a… Read more

Gratuitous Agency

Gratuitous Agency

Agency can simply be defined as a person authorized by another to act for him or her with entrusted business, and the agent represents that the agent is acting for another under the contract of the relation of agency. The  case of Siemens v Howard… Read more

Executor Trustee Removed For Delay

Executor Trustee Removed For Delay

Re Collett Estate 2017 BCSC 473 is the most recent of a judicial trend to remove an executor trustee for delay in the distribution and finalization of an estate. In Collett the deceased died in 2008 and was removed as a result of the inordinate delay in… Read more

Probate Revoked For Improper Service

Probate Revoked For Improper Service

Al- Sabah Estate 2016 BCSC 1781 both have a probate revoked and removed the administrator for both failing to disclose important information to the court as well as sending the required probate notice to her close relatives at addresses that were mostly incorrect and could have… Read more

What is a Discretionary Trust?

What is a Discretionary Trust?

The BC Court of Appeal in Putzki v Saunders 2016 BCCA 344 examined the nature of a family property trust and discussed what is a discretionary trust. A discretionary trust is commonly used in estate planning often  when dealing with infants, disabled people on a government… Read more

Removal of Executor

Removal of Executor

 Re Kolic Estate 2016 BCSC 1312 contains an excellent summary on the criteria for the removal of executor.   In Kolic the court ordered the removal of executor for basically choosing sides in the litigation concerning the very will that she was to remain impartial… Read more

Executor Can Be Liable For Unaccounted Expenses

Executor Can Be Liable For Unaccounted Expenses

Jackson v King 2003 BCSC 328 is a good decision on a passing of accounts and held inter alia that an executor is entitled to be indemnified expect for unaccounted or excessive expenses for which the executor can be held personally liable. The Court held:… Read more

Executor/Trustees Fees

Executor/Trustees Fees

Zadra v Cortese 2016 BCSC 390 dealt with a passing of executor’s accounts before a registrar to determine the amount of executor/trustees fees for handling a complex estate for ten years but delegating most of the work to professionals. The value of the estate increased… Read more

Promissory Estoppel Revisited

Promissory Estoppel Revisited

The BC Appeal Court in Cowper-Smith v Morgan 2016 BCCA 200 allowed an appeal in part to over turn the successful  the claim brought for promissory estoppel at trial by finding that the claim should not be allowed where a non owner of property gave assurances… Read more

Joint Account Holders Are Fiduciaries

Joint Account Holders Are Fiduciaries

MacKay v. MacKay Estate,2015 ONSC 7429, held that one joint account holder may serve as a fiduciary in relation to the other simply via the traditional indicia of such a relationship as set out in Frame v. Smith, [1987] 2 SCR 99 (i.e., the ability… Read more

Pre Taking Executors Fees Is Breach of Fiduciary Duty

Pre-Taking Executors Fees is Breach of Fiduciary Duty

Despite holding that the pre-taking of a $70,000 fee by an executor was a serious matter, being contrary to Supreme Court rule 25 – 13, a breach of the executors fiduciary duty, and done without consultation with the beneficiaries or their consent, the court excused… Read more

The Factors To Determine an Executor’s Compensation

In the well-known case of Re Toronto General Trusts and Central Ontario Railway (1905), 6 O.W.R. 350 (H.C.), five central factors should be considered by the audit judge in arriving at the amount of an executor’s compensation. The maximum fee for obtaining probate and distributing… Read more