Trustee Conflict

Trustee Cannot Be in Conflict With Duty

Equity will not allow a person who is in a position of trust to carry out a transaction where there is a conflict between his or her duty and his or her interest. It is a rule of universal application that no trustee shall be… Read more

Insurance- criminal activity

Life Insurance Denied For Criminal Activity

Velentyne Estate v The Canada Life  2017 BCSC 1444 upheld the insurer’s exclusion clause that mortgage insurance would not be payable upon a death if the death resulted as a result of criminal activity. The Court found that the deceased was a drug dealer who… Read more

trustees- sell for market value

Trustees Must Sell For Market Value

Estate trustees must obtain fair market value for the assets it sells. It is trite law that an estate trustee has a fiduciary duty to act in the best interests of an estate and its beneficiaries, and in that regard, whether a professional or non-professional,… Read more

Writing Petition with white chalk on a blackboard.

Converting a Petition to an Action

Kent v Kent 2017 BCSC 1392 discussed converting a Petition to an Action when a court action has been commenced by a Petition and becomes mired in the litigation process, usually due to disputed facts, and requires the petition process to be converted to an… Read more

Ian Mulgrew: As if Death Weren't Bad Enough — Fraudulent Wills

Ian Mulgrew: As if Death Weren’t Bad Enough — Fraudulent Wills

Originally published in The Vancouver Sun May 4, 2017 Written by Ian Mulgrew The B.C. inheritance-and-estate law brought in two years ago has increased the risk of forged and fraudulent wills, says a lawyer involved in the debate about its creation. Trevor Todd, who runs,… Read more



Sato v Sato 2017 BCSC 1394 discusses in detail the legal issue of domicile. The issue was whether the deceased was domiciled in British Columbia at the time of his marriage to the plaintiff. If so his  2011 Will was revoked by operation of law…. Read more

Removal of an Executor Summarized

Removal of an Executor Summarized

I am frequently asked about the removal of an Executor that beneficiaries complain about and the following briefly summarizes when and if the court will act to remove and replace an executor. Lord Blackburn stated in Letterstedt v. Broers (1884), [1881-85] All E.R. Rep. 882… Read more

Executors: Specific Bequests and Fees

Executors: Specific Bequests and Fees

Janke, Re 1985 CarswellBC 2298 dealt with the presumption that when an executor is left a specific bequest it is in lieu of fees. This presumption applies only where the bequest is made to the executor in his capacity as executor and yields to very… Read more

Executors Personally Liable For Failing to Invest

Executors Personally Liable For Failing to Invest

Re Proniuk 1984 CarswellAlta 285 held the executor personally liable for interest lost to the estate for failing to invest the estate assets for 11 months and for interest lost on their pre taking of executor fees. In the administration of an estate, executors had… Read more

Appeals From Master's Orders

Appeals From Master’s Orders

In Abermin Corp. v. Granges Exploration Ltd. (1990), 45 B.C.L.R. (2d) 188, 42 C.P.C. (2d) 25 (S.C.), Mr. Justice MacDonald succinctly set out the scope of review on an appeal from a Master’s order. He said at p. 31 [C.P.C.]: An appeal from a Master’s… Read more

Damages in Equity for Breach of Trust

Damages For Breach of Trust

Huff v Price 1990 (BCCA) 51 BCLR 282 held that the amount of damages in equity  in an action for breach of trust will be equal to the highest price at which the property of which that person was deprived could have been sold in… Read more

Executor Found Liable For Lost Rents

Executor Liable For Lost Rents

Executors sometimes let friends or relatives live in estate property and not collect fair rent. The executor can be personally liable for lost rent. Where an executor permits tenants to live rent-free in estate property and the court is satisfied that the property was capable… Read more

Breach of Trust: "Knowingly Participating"

Breach of Trust: “Knowingly Participating”

In Scoretz v Kensam Enterprises Ltd 2017 BCSC 1356 a director of a corporate bare trust was found liable for damages for “knowingly participating” in the breach of trust by failing to deliver shares held in trust . The court found that it is clear… Read more

The Liability and Duties of a Trustee of Bare Trust

Bare Trusts

Scoretz v Kensam Enterprises Inc 2017 BCSC 1356 was an action for breach of trust brought by the beneficiary of a bare trust  and discusses the liability and duties of a trustee of a bare trust. The Court found that the trustee was liable in… Read more

The Test For An Injunction

The Test for an Injunction

Grieg v Kritikopoulou 2017 ONSC 4594 sets out the Supreme Court of Canada test for the granting of an interlocutory  injunction to restrain certain activity 11 The moving party must meet the following three-part test to success on a motion seeking an interlocutory injunction: a)… Read more