Civil Fraud

Civil Fraud

The tort of civil fraud (as opposed to criminal fraud)  was reviewed by the Supreme Court of Canada in Bruno Appliance and Furniture Inc. v Hyrniak 2014 SCC 8  and concluded there are four elements . 18      The classic statement of the elements of civil… Read more

Prohibiting Lawyer From Acting

Prohibiting Lawyer From Acting

Rubin Estate v Rubin Estate 2017 ONSC 1404  dealt with an application of prohibiting Lawyer from acting for her siblings and mother who were being sued by one daughter. The lawyer in question had previously given US tax advise on a ” no names basis”… Read more

Pleading the Tort of Conspiracy

Pleading the Tort of Conspiracy

It occasionally occurs in estate litigation that parties conspire with others to defeat the claims of a party that give rise to a court  pleading of the tort of conspiracy. For example, I recently had a situation where the executor attempted to sell the property… Read more

The Principles of Interpreting a Contract

The Principles of Interpreting Contracts

Dusanjh v Wright Estate 2017 BCSC 340 sets out the law relating to interpreting contracts when there is an ambiguity as to it’s meaning. The children of the deceased brought a petition that argued the deceased had established a trust in their favour and the court… Read more

Double Costs: Rule 9-1(5)

Double Costs: Rule 9-1(5)

The plaintiff’s claim was dismissed with costs and the defendant sought double costs under Rule 9-1(5) on the basis that the defendant made an offer to settle that should have been accepted by the plaintiff. The application for double costs was dismissed as the court… Read more

Non Binding (Precatory) Words In Will Not a Trust

Non Binding (Precatory) Words In Will Not a Trust

Non Binding (Precatory)  words in a will were found not to create a trust that was legally binding on the trustee, but instead that the words were non binding ( precatory) and thus only morally binding an thus an outright bequest. Killam v Killam 2017… Read more

Striking Out a Court Pleading

Striking Out a Court Pleading

A court pleading may be struck out by the Court pursuant to Rule 9-5 ( 1) which states: 1) At any stage of a proceeding, the court may order to be struck out or amended the whole or any part of pleading, petition or other document… Read more

Mental Incompetency and the Patient's Property Act

Mental Incompetency and the Patient’s Property Act

Re Silkstrom 2017 BCSC 206 involved a contested application under the Patient’s Property Act to be appointed the committee of the person of an elderly mental incompetency patient. A Trust company had earlier been appointed to manage the elderly woman’s  financial affairs pursuant to a Power… Read more

Severance of Court Actions Upheld On Appeal

Severance of Court Actions Upheld On Appeal

The Court of Appeal in Johnston v Johnston Estate 2017 BCCA 59 upheld the trial decision found at 2016 BCSC 1388 where an action seeking that a will was invalid, or alternatively if it was valid it should be varied under the wills variation provisions… Read more

Misfeasance of Public Officials

Misfeasance of Public Officials

It occasionally occurs in estate litigation that a party has complaints about the misfeasance of  public officials, (usually  against the Public Guardian and Trustee), as a result of perceived deliberate  unlawful actions on the part of the public official against the complainant The tort of… Read more

Amending Court Pleadings

Amending Court Pleadings

Russell Estate v Larson 2017 BCSC 113 contains a good summary of the law relating to amending court pleadings. Pleadings are very important in litigation so as to give a concise definition of the issues to be tried and to allow the opposing party to… Read more

Executor Added After Expiration of Wills Variation Limitation

Executor Added After Expiration of Wills Variation Limitation

 Under the provisions of section 60 WESA, an action under the wills variation provisions must be commenced within 180 days of the grant of probate or the action is statute barred. In the 1987 decision Cowan v Cowan 17 BCLR ( 2d) 114, the plaintiff… Read more

Damage Assessments on Appeal

Damage Assessments on Appeal

“An appellate court will not interfere with a trial judge’s assessment of damages unless he or she erred in principle of law, misapprehended the evidence, failed to consider relevant factors or considered irrelevant factors, or there was no evidence on which the judge could have… Read more

Funeral Service

Funeral Service

It is surprisingly common for loved ones of a deceased person to argue or even litigate over the funeral service and disposition of the remains of a deceased person. One of the leading cases in BC is Kartsonas v Kartsonas Estate 2010 BCCA 336 where… Read more

The Defence of Mistake

The Law of Mistake

Teather v Kawashima 2016  BCSC  2231 involved litigation where the defence of mistake was argued and the Court reviewed the law. When parties are negotiating a contract it may occur that  one party is thinking of one thing while the other party is thinking of… Read more